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ONE WORLD, ONE HUMANITYThe majority of Africans who emigrate remain within Africa but amid rising concerns over the spread of Islamist militant groups on the continent and several economies hit by a slump in commodities prices, some African nations are clamping down on those migration flows."The situation is changing. Some African countries are becoming less flexible in accepting migrants," said Michele Bombassei, the International Migration Organization's (IOM) Migrant Assistance Specialist for West Africa.
Gabon, whose oil reserves have given its 1.5 million people amongst the highest per-capita income in Africa, has long been a magnet for migrants from countries like Senegal, an arid West African state with a tradition of emigration dating back decades.
Papa Demba Sow left Senegal two years ago hoping to make a better life in the oil-rich central African country of Gabon but in July he was arrested by police, thrown in jail for a month and deported along with hundreds of other Africans. Sow, a 33-year-old welder, went to Gabon to join family members already living there but said it had become extremely hard to obtain residency. Police officers harassed African immigrants on the streets of the coastal capital Libreville until they were paid off, he said. In detention, more than 300 migrants were packed into a few rooms, with many forced to sleep on the floor. Breakfast was a slice of bread, with a plate of rice and fish for dinner. “They treated us really bad, like dogs or sheep,” said Sow.
Amnesty International has documented thousands of deportations by Republic of Congo. The foreigners, many of them from neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo, were often simply put on pirogues and shipped across the Congo River to Kinshasa.  An Amnesty report in May said the security operation, dubbed “Mbata ya Bakolo” or “slap of the elders” in Lingala, was ostensibly meant to target criminals but became an excuse for mass expulsions. Amnesty said police destroyed property, extorted money and raped women and girls. A second phase of the operation was launched in May, targeting West Africans in Pointe-Noire, Congo’s oil hub and second-largest city. Police said that month they had arrested 1,150 people, primarily from West Africa and Democratic Republic of Congo. Alain Roy, Amnesty's deputy regional campaigns director, said such deportations had shattered lives and exacerbated poverty, exposing the limits of pan-Africanism."We're certainly concerned to see the same kind of attitudes (in Africa) that we have seen around the world and in Europe -- where whole societies see migrants or refugees as 'others', as people who are not deserving humane treatment," he said. "You have Africans treating Africans poorly. We have seen... xenophobia, racism, discrimination."
Nearby oil-rich Equatorial Guinea deported hundreds of people in the wake of the African Nations Cup football tournament this year.Even in South Africa, the continent's most developed economy, many economic migrants fled an outbreak of xenophobic attacks this year by residents afraid foreigners are taking their jobs. At least seven people were killed.North African oil producer Algeria has deported more than 3,700 migrants to Niger this year, mostly women and children who came to beg on the streets, as part of a bilateral agreement between Algiers and Niamey intended to curb illegal immigration.Cameroon, Niger and Chad have also deported thousands of people in the face of terrorist attacks within their borders by Nigerian Islamist group Boko Haram. Sory Kaba, who heads the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ department for Senegalese abroad, said the rise of militant groups such as Boko Haram had fed xenophobia and deportations.“They are scared for their own nations,” said Kaba. “That’s why they make it more difficult to enter and they make it more difficult to stay.”
Mamadou Ka, a shopkeeper in Gabon who had been deported to Senegal, explained. “We are all Africans...It is necessary to have a policy of integration, of free circulation.”

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European missionaries have preached love and fellowship to all men and women. Europe's pull factor is easily understood by a variety of reasons such as its human rights proclamations and its calls for universal moral values so should we be surprised when many actually take them at their word and put those worthy promises to an ethical test.  
Migration is part of the human journey since homo sapiens started moving out of the Rift Valley in Africa but many people have a selective reading of history. Have the Italians forgot how their emigrants practically created nations such as Argentina and Uruguay, the Spanish and Portuguese other parts of South and Central America. Have the British forget their export of people to Canada, Australia, New Zealand. Maybe the Dutch have slipped it from their memory of their migrations to South Africa and treks within it. The Chinese have settled all across Asia. The Japanese sought the West Coat of America. And the United States displaced both the original inhabitants of the land and then expanded into other colonist territory in what was once Mexican land.
And Africa?  Its migrations were enforced by violence, whips and chains and not at all voluntary and most definitely not profitable to them or the continent. 
Today, the bulk of Africans looking for opportunities outside their countries go to another African country.
It will be Africa's youth that will keep growing when the rest of the world will be ageing. Many in Europe and elsewhere have difficulty in admitting that the current state welfare in all ageing countries is unsustainable implies a vast overhaul of social and political choices to sustain the economy. A demographic equilibrium is still essential. Social security or pension need young people to be productive workers. That is why Europe will have to come to grips with its need for migrants, as acknowledged by the EU Commission, itelf. Between now and 2050, Africa will double its population. It is likely to generate a much bigger flow of young Africans looking for opportunities in an ageing Europe.

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ALL FOR ALLAccording to a study done by AfrAsia Bank and New World Wealth, 163,000 millionaires live on the continent of Africa with a combined wealth of $670 billion (£440bn). The study defines millionaires as persons with net assets worth at least $1m (£650,000).
Thirty per cent of Africa's millionaires reside in South Africa. The South African city of Johannesburg, known as "the city of gold" tops the list as 23, 400 millionaires reside there. South Africa beat all other African countries with three other cities in the top ten: Cape Town (8,900), Durban (2,700) and Pretoria (2,500, according to the report.

Cairo in Egypt had the second most millionaires (10,200), while Lagos, Nigeria had the third most (9,100). 
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The militarist cure for refugees fleeing war… more war. The Guardian, 03/09/2015: 'While no perfect solutions present themselves, inertia punctuated with panic is the worst response. Since Syria’s plight is the most immediate moral and strategic problem, that is where Europe must begin the search for solutions. The increase in refugee numbers heading for the EU describes a collapse of hope
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A report published last month by the Trades Union Congress revealed that the number of night workers had risen by 7 per cent, or 200,000 people, between 2007 and 2014. More than three million of us now regularly work nights. They are also growing as a proportion of the working population, from 11.7 per cent to 12.3 per cent. Night shifters used to be mainly men in factories, but now the
1 hour 18 min ago