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Sino-Japanese War

Are the Japanese 'Barbarians'?

Nobody - not even the Japanese Government - denies the inhumanity of ruthless air war on defenceless civilians such as the Japanese are waging in China and Franco's airmen in Spain. The almost universal protests against the former (but not such widespread protests in the case of Spain) are, therefore, natural. Nevertheless, they conceal a good deal of muddled thinking. In the first place, the ghastly consequences of air attack do not justify indicting the Japanese people as a nation of barbarians. The double standard of conduct which can abhor private murder but glorify the mass slaughter of "the enemy" is not a peculiarity of the Japanese. It is a characteristic of all the capitalist powers and is deliberately fostered by governments, newspapers and churches in every land.

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