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The Heroic Tragedy: Civil War and Social Revolution in Spain

'Back the revolutionary general strike the very instant anyone [i.e. the military] revolts. We, the people of Catalonia, let us be on a war footing and ready to act. Be valiant. Arm yourselves and do battle. Long Live the CNT! Long Live Libertarian Communism! Launch the revolutionary general strike against fascism.' - CNT statement of 19 July 1936

Eighty years ago this summer, Spain saw an attempted military coup being temporarily defeated by ordinary people in many parts of the country. This was the beginning of what was to be a three year long civil war, resulting in half a million deaths, and followed by the four decade dictatorship of General Franco. This article will aim to describe some of the key features of the conflict, paying close attention to the ‘social revolution’ in Catalonia and Aragon which is of most relevance to socialists.

Book Review: 'To Remember Spain - The Anarchist and Syndicalist Revolution of 1936'

Spanish Anarchism & Libertarianism

'To Remember Spain: The Anarchist and Syndicalist Revolution of 1936'. Essays by Murray Bookchin (AK Press £4.50.)

This pamphlet consists of two essays: "An Overview of the Spanish Libertarian Movement" and "After Fifty Years: the Spanish Civil War".

Book Review: 'Dare To Be A Daniel - A History of One of Britain's Earliest Syndicalist Unions'

Robbed blind

'Dare To Be A Daniel - A History of One of Britain's Earliest Syndicalist Unions'. by Wilf McCartney. Kate Sharpley Library, BM Hurricane, London WC1 3XX.

Book Review: Hatta Shuzo and Pure Anarchism in Interwar Japan

Hatta Shuzo and Pure Anarchism in Interwar Japan. By John Crump. Macmillan. £45

It is a little known fact, brought out by John Crump in this ridiculously priced new book, that until they were crushed by the militarist State in 1936 there was a small but flourishing anarchist movement in Japan. As elsewhere various currents existed, the main ones being the anarcho-communists and the anarcho-syndicalists.

The anarcho-communists, as their name suggests, were anarchists who were communists in the sense of standing for a society based on common ownership where people would produce goods and services to be taken and used without buying and selling and in accordance with the principle “from each according to their ability, to each according to their needs”. In other words, they stood more or less for what we call Socialism.

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